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Dr Kirui Kibet Bernard

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PERSONAL DETAILS
Designation
Lecturer
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Division / Faculty
Faculty of Environment and Resources Development
Directorate / Dept
Department of Natural Resources
ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS
  1. January 2012- December 2012: Post Doc Fellow - Africa Climate Change Fellowship Programme (ACCFP). Institute of Resource Assessment. University of Dar es Salaam. Project title: Climate change effects on mangrove forest provisioning of goods and services and their adaptation; Case Study of Tana River Delta, Kenya
  2. April 2008: PhD (Mangrove Restoration  Ecology) Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland. UK. Thesis title:      Influence of species diversity on the return of ecosystem functions in replanted mangroves in Kenya.
  3. Feb 2004: MSc (Natural Resource Management) Egerton University, Njoro Kenya. Thesis title: Allometric Equations for Estimating Aboveground Biomass Estimation of naturally growing Mangrove trees, Avicennia marina Forsks Vierh and Rhizophora mucronata Lam. along the Kenya Coast
  4. April 2000: BSc (Environmental Science), Kenyatta University, Nairobi Kenya.
FIELDS OF SPECIALIZATION
  • Coastal and Marine Ecology
  • Mangrove Biodiversity and Ecosystem function
  • Forest Ecology
  • Carbon monitoring Verification and measurement
  • Data analysis
  • Vegetation Remote sensing
PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
  • 11th May 2021. Online. Peer review excellence:  IOP training and certification
  • 10th-14th June  2019: One-week follow-up seminar for the International Training Programme on “Climate Change – Mitigation and Adaptation”, in Kigali, Rwanda.
  • 19th November –7th December, 2018: 3 Week course on International Training Programme on “Climate Change – Mitigation and Adaptation” Norrköping City, Sweden
  • 8th -12th October  2018: Start-up seminar for the International Training Programme on “Climate Change – Mitigation and Adaptation”  in Maanzoni Lodge. Nairobi Kenya
  • 16th-20th April 2018: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for Mapping of Forest Degradation and Deforestation. Regional Center for Remote Sensing and Resource Survey. Nairobi Kenya.
  • 5th – 7th March, 2018: Professional Development Course on Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation. Kenyatta University. Nairobi, Kenya
  • 27th - 30th July 2015 . Regional training on Remote Sensing and GIS in Coastal and Marine Ecosystems Management (Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and Madagascar). Regional Center for Remote Sensing and Resource Survey. Nairobi Kenya.
  • 14th – 18th November 2011. Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP). Training on Climate Change Science and Scenario Modelling for Climate Change Ministerial/ Departmental/ Agency Desk Officers. Kisumu Hotel. Kisumu.
  • 26th July – 6th August 2010. First ODINAFRICA-IV training course on Coastal and Marine Atlas development Sun n Sand Resort Mombasa, Kenya
  • 12th to 17th July 2010.Regional AMESD-MESOBIO  training course on: "Environment, living resources, remote sensing & fisheries in the South West Indian Ocean" La Réunion (France)
  • 8th Feb-23rd May 2009. CAMARV. Economic Valuation and Use of Remote sensing to map threats to mangroves provisioning of ecosystem services. Edinburgh Napier University, UK. Gained skills in satellite (Landsat imagery), airbone and field-based techniques for mapping and monitoring forest cover and carbon stocks.
  • 28th - 31st October 2008. RECOMAP. National Short Course in Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), Mombasa Kenya
  • 22nd Oct– 3rd Nov 2007: 3rd International Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere (SOLAS) Summer School: Cargese, Corsica,
  • 1st -15th June, 2006:UNU-INWEH-UNESCO International Course on “Biodiversity in Mangrove Ecosystems”:Center of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, India
  • 4th - 13th Dec 2003: Marine Science for Management (MASMA) course on “Scientific Methodologies in Marine A practical approach using tropical intertidal habitats”: Marine biological station of Inhaca Island (EMBI), Mozambique.
WORK EXPERIENCE

May 2015- Present: Chairman, Department of Natural Resources, Egerton University

Some of my responsibilities include;

  • Academic and Administrative head of the Department
  • Promote efficient management of the Department
  • Articulate mission, vision and objectives of the Department
  • Ensure that The objectives of the Department are achieved together with all commitments in the Departmental Performance contract
  • Convener of Departmental Meetings
  • Manage academic programmes
  • Representative of the Department at the Faculty, senate and other organs
  • Planning and Budget for the Department
  • Supervise staff (Academic and non-academic)
  • Prepare annual work plans and annual report
  • Provide a conducive working environment for all staff in the Department
  • Implement the ISO 9001:2008 Quality management systems within the Department
  • Perform any other issues assigned/delegated by the Vice Chancellor

February 2013- Present: Lecturer. Department of Natural Resources, Egerton University

At the department level, I am in charge of postgraduate research students where my responsibilities include amongst others, guiding postgraduate students on proposal preparartion and thesis writing.

I a m a member of the University research and extension committee where I represent my faculty on all aspects related to research.

  • Undertaking primary, top quality research;
  • publishing top quality, primary scientific papers;
  • providing specific overviews and reviews on focal topics;
  • providing information feedback through technology transfer publications and oral presentations;
  • networking and engaging with various industries, NGOs, institutes and universities;
  • supervising/co-supervising research students to PhD level, and hosting post-doctoral researchers;

I also conduct individual research and previously have received an award from international organizations e.g. International Foundation for Sceince (IFS) to conduct research on mangrove forests.

March 2009- February 2013. Marine Research Officer: Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute.

I worked in the Marine Ecology and Environment Program (MEEP) which is responsible for monitoring and documenting the physical (including geological) and chemical characteristics of the various aquatic ecosystems to discern natural and/or human induced changes. The program also undertakes studies on the interrelationships between the biota and their aquatic environment in relation to fisheries, aquaculture and conservation of biodiversity. My responsibilities include: Monitoring of restored mangrove plantations,

  • Using spatial tools to monitor changes in mangrove statial and temporal changes,
  • Preparing proposals for donor funding
  • Running projects (current project: Capacity Building in Mangrove restoration and Valuation in East Africa (CAMARV))
  • Supervising students on internship
  • Assisting the assistant director in compilation of periodic reports
  • I am part of an earth-watch funded project that brings volunteers from the globe to engage in mangrove conservation initiative at Gazi Bay Kenya

Feb 2008 – May 2008. Task Force Member : National  State of the Coast Report – 2008.

I was  involved in preparation of National  State of the Coast Report -2008, a policy document- which is spearheaded by National Environment Management Authority. My contribution involved scientific editing of various chapters,  proof reading and editing the draft copy of the document before submission to the editors.

June 2004 - April 2008. Project leader/Doctoral Student, Napier University/ KMFRI, Gazi Bay, Kenya

I investigated the correlation between species diversity and ecosystem functions, using replanted mangrove trees as the experimental model. This was a collaborative project between Edinburgh Napier University  (UK) and the Kenyan Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, with funding from the Leverhulme Trust (UK) and Earthwatch (UK). We planted forest plots with varying tree diversity to tests the effects of species richness on ecosystem functions, such as productivity, nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration and the prevention of soil erosion. The work involved Kenyan technicians, post-graduate students and Earthwatch volunteers from all over the world. I provided mangrove research expertise, planned and organised year-round field campaigns, and ran annual team of expeditions. Other engagements included a number of lectures on biodiversity and ecosystem functions, climate change and mangrove ecology

Every July/August 2004, to June 2009: Co- Principle Investigator: Earthwatch’s  Mangrove forests of Kenya Expedition Project

This periodic expedition brings together  a teams of volunteers from all over the world. My duties as a team leader/player in this  project have included;

  • Overseeing the volunteers health and safety;
  • Guiding the volunteers as they collected data;
  • Liaised with the village committee in exposing the volunteers to local village cultures

June 2006: Coordinator:  Gazi village Clean up campaigns:

  • Organized a local youth group (called Gazi youth group) to weekly clean-up camapaigns in the village.
  • Also assist the local women group in managing a mangrove walkboard- an ecotourism initiative at Gazi village.

2003-2005: Research Assistant:  Ecological Economics of mangrove forests- associated fisheries – Food security and sustainability’.  I was involved in forestry aspects of this Sarec funded project.

KEY PROJECTS
  • 2013 - 2015. Biodiversity loss effect on mangrove forest provisioning of goods and services ; Case Study of Tana River Delta, Kenya . Funded by International Foundation for Science (IFS)(US$ 12,000)
  • 2011-2012. Effects of Climate change related factors on mangrove forest provisioning of goods and services ; Case Study of Tana River Delta, Kenya. Funded by Africa Climate Change Fellowship Programme (ACCFP)-US$ 15,000
RESEARCH INTERESTS

My main research focus is on management and conservation of forestry resources with emphasis on mangrove forest ecosystem. My Msc theses was in  development of tools for estimating Mangrove tree biomass – an important tool in measuring capture and stored carbon in trees  and which was adopted by the Mikoko Pamoja project  that uses carbon credits for conservation and development in Kenya coast which has had local, national and international impacts. With public and private support, the project has recruited >140 international volunteers, trained 46 African scientists, and funded development including schools and pumps. It is pioneering community control of mangroves using new legal instruments and informing the national management.

My PhD thesis explored how ecosystems services performed at various levels of species diversity. Large scale experiments (5872 mangrove trees were planted) revealed the key physical and chemical constraints preventing natural regeneration (increased wave impact and salinization), and determined the nursery techniques and target species to be used in active restoration. In addition to these practical applications, the thesis work addressed questions of fundamental interest to ecosystem science, including the role of species richness in ecosystem functions and of positive facilitation in plant growth in harsh environments. We demonstrated for the first time how higher species richness and higher density can contribute to survival and ecosystem restoration in mangroves, and how altering planting strategies affects the forests' ability to keep up with sea-level rise by raising the level of their substrates.

My post-doc work focused on climate change effects on mangrove forest provisioning of goods and services and their adaptation; Case Study of Tana River Delta, Kenya. The study established that ecosystem goods and services provided by mangrove forest in the Tana River delta were under immense twin threat of climate change and anthropogenic factors and that the presence of high densities of cut stumps and well as reduced numbers of the locally preferred mangrove species was a pointer to these threats. The study findings also indicated an existence in wealth of local knowledge on the climate change related hazards and how the local communities were coping with the changes. The study recommended the need for development of mangrove management plans that would ensure that cutting zones were established, complete with system of reforesting the cleared sites. This work eventually culminated in informing the Development of Kenya National Mangrove Management Plan (2017-2027)

I have supervised numerous postgraduate and undergraduate students on topics  ranging from; on above and belowground carbon dynamics, Forest dynamics, dynamics in Fisheries Beach Management Units, aquatic ecosystems ecology and mangrove ecology. My current research interests are on; understanding the extent of integration of climate change and adaptation at Universities in Kenya, Carbon dioxide and methane fluxes from mangroves and modeling forest fire occurrence and impacts on carbon dynamics.

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS

Submitted

  1. Kirui, B., Ojwaka, E., Recha, C. Mangrove Structure, Composition and Regeneration in Kipini, Tana River Delta, Kenya. Egerton Journal of Science and Technology  IN PRESS

Peer-reviewed

  1. Ndalilo, L. A., Kirui, B.K., Maranga, E.K., Socio-Economic Drivers of Degradation and Their Implication on Conservation of River Lumi Riparian Ecosystem in Kenya. Open Journal of Forestry. 10 (3), 307-319 10.4236/ojf.2020.103020
  2. Fortnam, M. Atkins, M. Brown, K. Chaigneau, T. Frouws, A. Gwaro, K. Huxham, M. Kairo, J. Kimeli, A. Kirui, B. & Sheen, K.Ambio. 2020. Multiple impact pathways of the 2015–2016 El Nino in coastal Kenya Ambio 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01321
  3. Wekesa, C., Kirui, B. K., Maranga, E. K., & Muturi, G. M.(2020). The Fate of Taita Hills Forest Fragments: Evaluation of Forest Cover Change between 1973 and 2016 Using Landsat Imagery. Open Journal of Forestry, 10, 22-38.https://doi.org/10.4236/ojf.2020.101003
  4. Tarus, G. Kirui, K.B. Obwoyere, G.O. 2019. Impacts of Forest Management on Soil Carbon Fluxes in Eastern Mau Forest, Kenya. Africa Journal of Ecology. 57, 113-121.https://doi.org/10.1111/aje.12571
  5. Mungai, F., Kairo, J., Mironga, J., Kirui, B., Mangora, M and Koedam, N 2019 Mangrove cover and cover change analysis in the transboundary area of Kenya and Tanzania during 1986–2016, Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, 15:2, 157-176, DOI: 1080/19480881.2019.1613868
  6. Wekesa, C. Kirui, B.K.. Maranga, E.K Muturi, G.M. 2019. Variations in forest structure, tree species diversity and above-ground biomass in edges to interior cores of fragmented forest patches of Taita Hills, Kenya, Forest Ecology and Management, 440,48-60, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2019.03.011
  7. Ogoma, Maurice, Kirui, B., Obwoyere, G., Obura, E. and Otachi, E. (2019). Factors influencing capacity of Beach Management Units in implementing fisheries co-management in a tropical desert lake. Egerton Journal of Science and Technology. 17, 29–49.
  8. Ogoma, M., Kirui, B., Obwoyere, G., Obura, E., & Akwany, L. . (2019). Stakeholders’ inclusion and mobilization in co-management of Lake Turkana fisheries, Kenya. East African Journal of Science, Technology and Innovation, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.37425/eajsti.v1i1.59
  9. Wekesa, C. E.K. Maranga, K. Kirui, G.M. Muturi, M Gathara. (2018). Interactions between native tree species and environmental variables along forest edge-interior gradient in fragmented forest patches of Taita Hills, Kenya. Forest Ecology and Management 409, 789-798 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2017.12.023
  10. Wambugu, E.W., G.O Obwoyere, K Kirui. (2018). Effect of forest management approach on household economy and community participation in conservation: A case of Aberdare Forest Ecosystem, Kenya. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 10 (4), 172-184 https://doi.org/10.5897/IJBC2017.1161
  11. Wambugu, E.W., O Obwoyere, B. K Kirui. 2017. Socioeconomic Factors that determine community participation in forest management and conservation of adjacent ecosystems: A case of Aberdare forest, Kenya. Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment 9 (10), 165-176. DOI:10.5897/JENE2017.0666
  12. Macharia, S., G.O. Obwoyere, K. Kirui, J.O Manyala. 2017. Assessment of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) stock in Lake Baringo, Kenya. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management. 22 (1), 48-55. https://doi.org/10.1111/lre.12160
  13. Wekesa, C., N Leley, E Maranga, B Kirui, G Muturi, M Mbuvi, B Chikamai 2016. Effects of forest disturbance on vegetation structure and above-ground carbon in three isolated forest patches of Taita Hills. Open Journal of Forestry 6 (02), 142. 10.4236/ojf.2016.62013
  14. Kamau, J., Ngila, J., Kirui, K.B., Mwangi, S., Kosore, C.M., Wanjeri, V and Okumu,.S. 2015 Spatial variability of the rate of organic carbon mineralization, in a sewage impacted forest, Mikindani Kenya. Journal of Soils and Sediments. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-015-1271-7
  15. Kirui, K. B., Kairo, J. G., Bosire, J., Viergever, K. M., Rudra, S., Huxham, M. & Briers, R. (2013) Mapping of mangrove forest land cover change along the Kenya Coastline using Landsat imagery. Ocean and Coastal Management, 83, 19-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2011.12.004
  16. Lang'at, J., Kirui, B., Skov, M., Kairo, J.,  Mencuccini, M.,  Huxham, M. (2013). Species mixing boosts root yield in mangrove trees. Oecologia: 172, 271-278. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-012-2490-x
  17. Kirui, K.B.., Kairo, J.G., Skov, M.W. Mencuccini, M., Huxham, M. (2012). Effects of species richness, identity and environmental variables on growth in planted mangroves in Kenya. Marine Ecology Progress Series: 465, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09999. This paper was selected as the open access `special featured paper' of this edition.
  18. Huxham, M, Kumara, M, Jayatissa, L.P, Krauss, K.W, Kairo, J.G, Langat, J, Mencuccini, M, Skov, M.W and Kirui, K. B (2010). Intra and inter-specific facilitation in mangroves may increase resilience to climate change threats. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365, 2127-2135. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2010.0094
  19. Kairo, J. G, J. Bosire, J. Langat, Kirui, K.B., Koedam (2009) Allometry and Biomass Distribution in Replanted Mangrove Plantations at Gazi Bay, Kenya Aquatic Conservation: https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.1046
  20. Kirui, K.B., Huxham, M., Kairo, J.G. and Skov, M (2008). Influence of seedling size, positioning and diversity on survival of replanted mangroves at Gazi bay Kenya. Hydrobiologia 603: (1) 171-181. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-9270-3
  21. Tamooh, F., Kairo, J.G, Karachi, M., Huxham, M., Kirui, K. B., Mencuccini, M.(2008). Below-Ground Root yield Distribution in Natural and Replanted Mangrove Forests at Gazi bay, Kenya .  Forest Ecology & Management:  256,  1290-1297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.06.026
  22. Kirui, K.B., Karachi, M. and Kairo, J.G. (2006) Allometric equations for estimating aboveground biomass of Rhizophora mucronata at Gazi bay Kenya. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science: 5 (1) 27–34. https://doi.org/10.4314/wiojms.v5i1.28496

Book Chapters

  1. Kirui, K.B. (2013). Importance and Dynamics of the Mangroves in Kenya in: Paron, P., Olago, D. O., Omuto, C. T., (Eds). Kenya: A Natural Outlook Geo-Environmental Resources and Hazards. Elsevier The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, OX5 1 GB, UK Pgs 193- 198
  2. Brink, A.B., Bodart, C., Buchanan, G., Clerici, M., Donnay, F., Eshiamwata, G., Gregoire, J.M., Kirui, K.B., Lupi, A., Palumbo, I., Pekel, J.F. (2013). Vegetation. In : Paron, P., Olago, D.O., Omuto, C.T. (Eds.). Kenya: A Natural Outlook Geo-Environmental Resources and Hazards. Elsevier The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, OX5 1 GB, UK Pgs 193- 198
  3. Kirui, K.B. Huxham, J.G. Kairo, and M. Mencuccini (2009). Seasonal dynamics of soil Co2 flux in a restored young mangrove plantation at Gazi bay Kenya. In Hoorweg, J & Nyawira, M. Advances in Coastal Ecology; People, processes and ecosystems in Kenya. African studies collection. African studies center. Leiden.
  4. Tamooh, F G. Kairo, M. Huxham, B. Kirui, M. Mencuccini & M. Karachi (2009). Biomass accumulation in a rehabilitated mangrove forest at Gazi Bay In :Hoorweg, J & Nyawira, M. Advances in Coastal Ecology; People, processes and ecosystems in Kenya. African studies collection. African studies center. Leiden.
CONFERENCES & INVITED PRESENTATIONS
  • 3-5th April 2013: Service Delivery Workshop at Egerton University organized by Kenya Institute of Administration
  • 25th-30th 2013: Regional training workshop on building capacity for applying PES and CCD in WIO Region held in Diani Kenya
  • 28th Oct-2nd Nov  2013: WIOMSA Scientific Symposium: Science and Society held in Maputo Mozambique
  • 27th-30th May 2014. Conference on the Contemporary Evolution of African Floodplains and Deltas held at University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • 1st Dec 2014: Workshop on application of remote sensing and GIS in coastal and Marine Ecosystems Management held in DRRS
  • 6th-8th May 2015: Regional Mangrove management book write-shop held in Mombasa

 

HONORS, PRIZE AND AWARDS

 

TEACHING AREAS
  • Natural Resources Mnagement
  • Statistics
  • aquatic science
  • Remote sensing and GIS.
POSTGRADUATE SUPERVISION
MASTERS LEVEL :
  1. Malel Chepkorir Eva. Factors affecting the Effectiveness of Payment for Ecosystem Services Scheme in the Upper Catchment areas of River Malewa in Nyandarua County. Msc. Africa Nazarene University. 2020
  2. Abraham Barsosio. Effects Of Mining On Composition, Diversity And Local Uses Of Woody Vegetation In Kerio Valley, Kenya. Msc. Egerton University. 2015
  3. Beryl Achieng’ Obodi. The Ecology Of Ombeyi Wetland And Livelihood Dynamics Of The Local Communities In Nyando Sub County. Msc Egerton University. 2018
  4. Caroline Busuru. Propagation And Regeneration Of The African Cherry, Prunus Africana (Hook.F.) Kalkm. In Kakamega Forest Kenya Msc. Egerton University. 2018
  5. Doris Cherop. An Assessment Of Socioeconomic Factors And Ecology Of Fishery In Lake Baringo Msc. Egerton University. 2017
  6. Geroge Tarus. Comparison Of Soil Carbon Stocks And Fluxes In Different Management Regimes In Eastern Mau Forest Reserve, Kenya Msc. Egerton University. 2017
  7. Marlyn Omondi. Local Governance Systems, Attitudes And Perceptions Supporting Management Of The Mangrove Ecosystem In Vanga, Kenya. Msc.Egerton University. 2016.
PhD. LEVEL :
  1. Dr. Wekesa Chemuku. Effects Of Forest Fragmentation On Forest Cover Change, Tree Species Diversity And Carbon Stock In Taita Hills. PhD. Egerton University. 2018
  2. Dr. Wambugu Elizabeth. Evaluation of Ecosystem services and Socio-economic Factors to Enhance Community Participation in Forest Management in Arberdare Forest, Kenya’ PhD.Egerton University, 2017
  3. Dr. Simon Macharia. Fishery Stock assessment in the Eastern Rift Valley Freshwater Lakes (Naivasha and Baringo) in Kenya PhD. Egerton University. 2015

 

OTHER SOCIETIES
  • Western Indian Ocean Marie Science Association
  • Geospatial Society of Kenya
REFEREES
  1. Prof. Mark Huxham - Edinburgh Napier University
  2. Dr. Jared Bosire - United Nation Environmental Programme
  3. Dr, James Kairo - Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute

 

 

 

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