Kenya is basically an agricultural country. In the absence of a strong industrial sector,
agricultural production activities constitute the main support base of the country‘s
increasing population. The population relies mainly on agricultural output, and water
resource that comes from 20% of the country‘s high rainfall zone. The remaining 80% is
arid and semi-arid land ASAL. of marginal agricultural productivity. In spite of the
fragility of Kenya‘s marginal lands, they serve as important biodiversity reservoirs,
wildlife habitats, anthropogenic sites and landscape of great attraction.
Currently there are calls to develop industries, and remove the country from over
dependency on agriculture. As the country gears for industrialization by the year 2020 it
is necessary to proceed with caution so that the benefits of industrial development do not
become a curse to the nation.The need to foster food production from the country‘s arable
lands and the inevitability of the use of agricultural inputs, such as fertilizers, pesticides
and other agrochemicals is posing new problems to the environment. If these problems
are not given due attention, they are bound to adversely affect the quality of the
environment and lower the people‘s standards of living. An increasing population,
growing industrial sector and agricultural production are major threats to the
environment. These require sound management.
For many centuries, man has continued to draw all his support resources from the
environment. By-products of resources use are dumped in the environment. Present
knowledge reveals that there are safe levels of carrying capacities, which must not be
exceeded. Rapid human population growth places enormous demands on land resources,
energy, shelter and living space. Outdoor recreation lacks the right environment partly
because of polluted waters, degraded wildlife habitats, sea and lakeshores and deforested
watersheds among others.
Above all, the laws and policies which are related to protection and utilization of
resources are currently inadequate and the existing ones are not fully enforced for
sustainability of environmental resources. There is need for trained environmental
custodians at all levels. In order to provide safety valves to our production, manage the
ecological systems that are highly susceptible to stress and monitor environmental
quality, there is need to train environmentalists who are able to provide advisory services
on the overall use, conservation and enhancement of environmental quality.
The B Sc. Environmental Science. Progrrame is designed to provide a broad-based
education for undergraduate students who wish to study environmental issues related to
resource use, protection and enhancement of environmental quality. Upon completion of
the course, the graduates will be qualified to:
i) Provide advisory capacity services on matters of environmental law and policy;
ii) Carry out environmental impact assessment;
iii) Participate and provide leadership in the formulation of appropriate early
warning systems of environmental change;
iv) Analyse and explain the interactive relationships between man and the physical,
biological and social environments and relate the emanating issues to the
enhancement of environmental quality;
v) Pursue graduate studies in environmental science and;
vi) Carry out teaching and provide environmental extension services.
The B Sc. Environmental Science. graduates can be employed in various sectors across
the country. They will fit in the civil service as environmental protection officers, and as
environmental science teachers for both primary and secondary school levels. They will
also work as researchers in various institutions, for environmental NGOs, as extension
officers. They may also be privately engaged in environmental related entrepreneurships,
such as consultant in environmental impact assessment. Other graduates will find it
rewarding to pursue further studies in environmental science and join universities as
Candidates must in addition satisfy the minimum requirements for the university offer at
least grade B- in Biology or Biological Sciences, B- in Geography, B- in Chemistry or B
in Physical Sciences, and C+ in Mathematics at K.C.S.E. or equivalent examination. An
added advantage will be given to candidates who have passed with at least grade C in
Agriculture or Economics at K.C.S.E. or equivalent examination.
Admission may be granted to outstanding Diplomats in Range Management, Animal
Husbandry and Animal Health, Forestry, Wildlife, Environmental Science from
institutions such as Kenya Polytechnic, Kenya Science Teachers College etc. candidates
with other related fields from recognized institutions, and who have passed with
distinction or credit or other equivalent may also be admitted.
Course structure and Duration
This is a multidisciplinary programme, which will take four academic years to complete.
Each year will consist of two semesters. Each semester will have three components;
lectures and practicals where applicable., revision and examination weeks. The duration
of semesters will be as per Egerton University Statutes.Students will be required to take
all courses prescribed, unless exempted through credit transfers.The total credit factors to
be covered, including field attachment is 160.The course codes used are: ENSC, followed
by 3 digits. Digit 1 indicates the year the course is offered. Digit 2 and 3 indicate the
serialization of the course.
All examinations for the Bc in Environmental Science shall be conducted in accordance
with examination regulations as stipulated in Egerton University Statute XXVIII.
The grading of examination for B Sc. in Environmental Science shall be in accordance
with Egerton University Statute XXVIII.
To graduate with a B Sc. in Environmental Sciencea student shall be required to take and
pass all required courses within the stipulated time.
The classification for B Sc. in Environmental Science shall be in accordance with Egerton
University Statute XXVIII for undergraduate students